|This is where Prince Gautama
attained enlightenment under the sacred Asvatta tree (Bodhi tree) and became
known as Lord Budha. This is one of the four most sacred pilgrimage places
for the Buddhists. The other three important places are his place of birth
at Lumbini, Nepal; the site of his first lecture at Sarnath, near Varanasi;
and the place where he left his body at Kushinagar, near Gorakhpur.
Buddhists from all over the world have built temples here in Bodh Gaya. The
Dalai Lama often spends time here. Tibetan pilgrims come here for the winter
from Dharamshala. Bodh Gaya is located about 13 km from Gaya, 450 km west of
Calcutta, and 90 km south of Patna.
Bodh Gaya is a place which should be visited or seen by a person of
devotion and which would cause awareness of the nature of impermanence.
Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha-to-be, had been dwelling on the banks of the
Nairanjana River with five ascetic followers for six years practicing
austerities. Realising that austerities could not lead to realisation he
abandoned them. His five ascetic companions disgusted at his seeming
failure, deserted him and left for Sarnath.
Gaya is located at a distance of 105 km from Patna in the state of Bihar.
Buddha Gaya is located 7 miles south of Gaya and is one of the well visited
Buddhist pilgrimage centers of the Indian subcontinent.
The Mahabodhi Temble is located at the place of Lord Buddha's
enlightenment. The temple has a 50m (170 ft) tower. The present
temple was restored around 1880. There have been several other
temples on this site. A previous temple was destroyed by the Muslims
in the 11th century. Parts of the intricately carved railings to the
south and west of the temple are very old. Some of the railings are
original and parts of the railings are reproductions.
In the inner sanctuary there is a huge Buddha. In the center of the
temple there is also a Siva-linga that was installed about 860. This
temple is also sacred to the Hindus because Lord Buddha is the ninth
incarnation of Lord Vishnu.
- Bodhi Tree
The Bodhi tree here is said to be a descendent of the tree under
which Budhha attained enlightenment. A sapling of the original bodhi
tree that the Buddha sat under was carried by Emperor Ashoka's
daughter (Sanghamitta) to Sri Lanka. That tree is at Anuradhapura in
Sri Lanka. A cutting from that tree was planted in Budha Gaya when
the original tree died. Under the tree is a red sandstone slab that
is said to be the Vajrasana, the diamond throne, that Buddha sat on
and attained nirvana. The tree is located behind the temple and is
about 80 feet high and about 115 years old.
the seat of stability. Buddha supposed to have say in meditation
gazing east, under the Bodhi Tree, where the Vajrasana, the stone
platform is kept.
This marks the sacred spot of the Buddha's meditative
perambulations during the third week after pious enlightenment. It
is believed that wherever the Buddha put his feet lotus sprang up.
It is believed that the Buddha spent one week here looking towards
the great Mahabodhi Tree out of gratitude, without twinkling his
The Buddha spent one week here, where it is believed that five
colours came out of his body.
- Other Places
The Mohanta's Monastery, located right next to the Mahabodhi Temple, is a
Shaivite monastery. It is said that Adi Sankaracharya spent days here in a
heated debate with buddhist philosophers.
At the Tibetan Mahayana Monastery (1938) there is a large Dharma Chakra, or
wheel of law. It is believed that you will be freed of sin if you spin this
wheel three times in succession from left to right. It is a 10m high metal
drum painted gold and red.
Budha bathed in the nearby Niranjana (now called Lilanja) River after
attaining enlightenment. The Niranjana River is about 250m east of the
temple. Prince Siddharta crossed this river to reach the Bodhi tree.
Buddha Jayanti Festival
The Budha Jayanti festival in May, celebrates the appearance day of Buddha,
the day he got enlightenment, and the day he left his body. It is the
biggest festival day here.
Since 1953, Bodh Gaya has been developed as an international place of
pilgrimage. Buddhists from Sri Lanka, Thailand, Burma, Tibet, Bhutan and
Japan have established monasteries and temples within easy walking distance
of the Mahabodhi compound. The site of the enlightenment now attracts
Buddhists and tourists from all over the world. At any time during the
cooler months between December and March, a visitor to Bodh Gaya can observe
a continual stream of Indian and international pilgrims walking the roads or
arriving in buses, circumambulating the temple, performing prostrations and
offering prayers in a multitude of languages. For those who aspire to awaken
their full potential, Bodh Gaya today is truly a field vibrant with the
potentiality of enlightenment. Enriched by devotion of Buddhists of all
traditions, this holy site is emerging as a powerful inspiration to the
modern world, awakening people of all nations to the real possibility of
: 14 Nights / 15 Days
: Delhi - Jaipur - Agra - Varanasi -
Bodhgaya - Vaishali - Kushinagar - Lumbini - Kapilvastu -
Sravasti - Balrampur - Lucknow
Temples Tour in India & Nepal
: 11 Nights / 12 Days
: Kathmandu - Lumbini(Nepal) - Sravasti -
Kushinagar - Varanasi(Sarnath) - Bodhgaya - Rajgir - Nalanda -
Patna(Vaishali) - Kolkata
: 4 Nights / 5 Days
: Varanasi - Kushinagar (Kakandi and
Pawanagar) - Shravasti - Ayodhya - Allahabad (Kaushambi) -