Ranakpur - The Jain Temples
in the state of Rajasthan is one of the five most important pilgrimage sites
of Jainism. It is home to an exceptionally beautiful temple complex in the
Aravali ranges and a must visit for the tourists coming to this region.
Ranakpur is tucked away in a remote valley in the Aravali range. It is
situated around 60 km north of Udaipur in Pali district and boasts of one of
the largest and most important Jain Temples in the country. The place is
well connected through a road network to other places in the region.
Ranakpur is named after Rana Kumbha whom Dharna Sah, a Jain businessman,
approached when he had the vision of his great temple to ask for the land
for its construction. Renowned for some marvelously carved Jain temples in
amber stone, Ranakpur is one of the five holiest places of the Jain
community and exceptional in beauty. Situated at a distance of around 60 km
from Udaipur, these temples were constructed in the AD 1439.
Pilgrimages Attractions of Ranakpur
The Ranakpur Jain Temple was built during the reign of the liberal and
gifted Rajput monarch Rana Kumbha in the 15th century. The basement is of
48,000 sq. feet area that covers the whole complex. There are four
subsidiary shrines, twenty-four pillared halls and domes supported by over
four hundred columns. The total number of columns is 1,444 all of which are
intricately carved with no two being alike. The artistically carved nymphs
playing the flute in various dance postures at a height of 45 feet are an
interesting sight. In the assembly hall, there are two big bells weighing
108 kg whose sound echoes in the entire complex. The main temple is a
Chaumukh or a four-faced temple dedicated to Adinath.
The three other Jain temples in the same complex, including a temple of the
Sun God, are all well worth a visit. One kilometer away from the temple
complex is the temple of Amba Mata.
Sadri, eight km away, is famous for some beautiful temples and an old
dargah of Khudabaksh Baba. The Varahavtar temple and the Chintamani
Parsvanath temple are the oldest of the temples situated here.
Temples at Desuri
Three temples, dedicated to Lord Shiva, Lord Hanuman and Navi Mata are
among some noteworthy temples at Desuri around 16 km from Ranakpur. An old
mosque situated here is also worth a visit. A temple dedicated to Parsuram
Mahadeo, nestled in the hills, is also close by.
Another nearby place, Ghanerao, abounds in Hindu temples. Most notable is
the temple of Gajanand with a life-size statue of the goddesses Riddhi and
Siddhi. The statue in the main shrine is guarded by idols of Hanuman and
Bhairon on either side.
Muchhal Mahavir temple
The Muchhal Mahavir temple is situated about five km from Ghanerao
in the Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary. Its distinctive feature is the statue
of Lord Mahavira with a mustache. The two statues of elephants
guarding the gateways are splendid examples of temple decoration. In
the vicinity are the Garasia tribal villages famous for their
The Jain Golden Temple in Falna, a small town in Rajasthan has a
unique attraction worldwide. It is the first temple that has been
constructed by the people of the Jain community. The specialty of
the temple is that, from the Falna town itself about 90 Kg. of gold
was donated by the ladies of the Jain community for the idolization
of temple dome and Lords idol.